You are currently viewing 45+ Diseases and Injuries Vocabulary with pictures and explanations

45+ Diseases and Injuries Vocabulary with pictures and explanations

Learning diseases and injuries vocabulary is crucial for effective communication with healthcare professionals, better understanding of medical information, and accurate description of symptoms in emergencies.

It enhances health literacy, empowers informed health decisions, and supports loved ones dealing with medical issues. For students and professionals in healthcare, mastering this vocabulary is essential for academic and professional success.

Understanding these terms equips us to navigate the complex world of health and medicine more effectively.

 

1.Diseases and Injuries Vocabulary

Diseases and Injuries Vocabulary

Common Diseases

Cold

Backache

Nausea

Dizziness

Stomachache

Fever

Cough

Runny nose

Toothache

Sunburn

Flu (Influenza)

Diabetes

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Asthma

Arthritis

Heart Disease

Cancer

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Depression

Allergies

Alzheimer’s Disease

HIV/AIDS

Tuberculosis (TB)

Osteoporosis

Stroke

Obesity

Eczema

Migraine

Hepatitis

Common Injuries

Sprain

Strain

Broken bone

Broken arm

Snakebite

Fracture

Dislocation

Bruise (Contusion)

Concussion

Cuts and Lacerations

Burns

Blisters

Tendinitis

Sprained Ankle

Knee Injuries

Shoulder Injuries

Back Injuries

Whiplash

2.Diseases and Injuries Vocabulary with pictures and explanations

Common Diseases:

  1. Cold: A viral infection affecting the upper respiratory tract, characterized by symptoms like congestion, sore throat, and runny nose.

Example: “She caught a cold after being exposed to the chilly wind.”

Diseases and Injuries

  1. Backache: Pain or discomfort in the back, often caused by muscle strain, injury, or poor posture.

Example: “His backache became worse after lifting heavy boxes.”

Diseases and Injuries

  1. Nausea: A feeling of discomfort in the stomach, often accompanied by an urge to vomit.

Example: “She experienced nausea after eating seafood that wasn’t fresh.”

Diseases and Injuries

  1. Dizziness: A sensation of lightheadedness, spinning, or feeling faint, often caused by problems with the inner ear, vision issues, or low blood pressure.

Example: “Standing up too quickly can sometimes cause dizziness.”

Dizziness

  1. Stomachache: Pain or discomfort in the abdomen, typically due to digestive issues or infections.

Example: “He had a stomachache after eating too much spicy food.”

Stomachache

  1. Fever: An elevated body temperature, often a sign of infection or illness.

Example: “The child had a fever and was kept home from school.”

Fever

  1. Cough: A reflex action that helps clear the throat and airways of mucus or irritants.

Example: “Her persistent cough kept her awake at night.”

Cough

  1. Runny nose: Excess nasal discharge, often due to allergies, colds, or sinus infections.

Example: “He always carries tissues because of his runny nose during allergy season.”

Runny nose

  1. Flu (Influenza): A contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses, characterized by fever, body aches, and fatigue.

Example: “She missed a week of work due to the flu.”

  1. Diabetes: A chronic condition where the body doesn’t properly process blood sugar, leading to high levels in the bloodstream.

Example: “He manages his diabetes with insulin injections and diet.”

Diabetes

  1. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): A condition where the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high, potentially leading to cardiovascular problems.

Example: “Regular exercise and a low-sodium diet help control her hypertension.”

Hypertension

  1. Asthma: A chronic condition where the airways become inflamed and narrowed, causing difficulty breathing, wheezing, and coughing.

Example: “She carries an inhaler with her in case of an asthma attack.”

Asthma

  1. Arthritis: Inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness.

Example: “Her arthritis flared up in cold weather, making it hard to move her fingers.”

Arthritis

  1. Heart Disease: A range of conditions affecting the heart, including coronary artery disease, heart attacks, and arrhythmias.

Example: “He underwent surgery to treat his heart disease.”

Heart Disease

  1. Cancer: A group of diseases characterized by abnormal cell growth that can spread to other parts of the body.

Example: “She beat breast cancer after undergoing chemotherapy.”

 

  1. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A chronic inflammatory lung disease that obstructs airflow from the lungs, typically caused by smoking.

Example: “His COPD symptoms worsened over time, requiring more frequent medical attention.”

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  1. Depression: A mental health disorder characterized by persistent sadness, loss of interest in activities, and difficulty in daily life.

Example: “Therapy and medication helped manage her depression.”

Depression

  1. Allergies: An immune system response to a foreign substance (allergen) that is typically harmless, resulting in symptoms like sneezing, itching, and congestion.

Example: “His allergies act up whenever he’s around cats.”

Allergies

  1. Alzheimer’s Disease: A progressive neurodegenerative disease that impairs memory and cognitive function.

Example: “Her grandmother’s Alzheimer’s disease progressed rapidly.”

Alzheimer’s Disease

  1. HIV/AIDS: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the body’s immune system, potentially leading to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) if untreated.

Example: “He manages his HIV with antiretroviral medication.”

  1. Tuberculosis (TB): An infectious disease primarily affecting the lungs, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Example: “He was quarantined after being diagnosed with tuberculosis.”

  1. Osteoporosis: A condition where bones become weak and brittle due to loss of tissue, making them more prone to fractures.

Example: “She started taking calcium supplements to prevent osteoporosis.”

Osteoporosis

  1. Stroke: A condition where the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, leading to brain tissue damage.

Example: “He underwent rehabilitation after suffering a stroke.”

 

  1. Obesity: A medical condition characterized by excessive body fat accumulation, often leading to health problems.

Example: “She’s working with a nutritionist to address her obesity.”

Stroke

  1. Eczema: A skin condition that causes redness, itching, and inflammation, often related to allergies or immune system dysfunction.

Example: “His eczema flare-ups are triggered by stress.”

Obesity

  1. Migraine: A severe headache often accompanied by nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and visual disturbances.

Example: “She took medication to alleviate her migraine.”

Migraine

  1. Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, alcohol abuse, or autoimmune diseases.

Example: “He contracted hepatitis A from contaminated food.”

Hepatitis

Common Injuries:

  1. Sprain: An injury to a ligament caused by stretching or tearing, often from sudden twisting or trauma.

Example: “She sprained her ankle while running on uneven ground.”

Sprain

  1. Strain: An injury to a muscle or tendon due to overstretching or overuse.

Example: “He strained his back lifting heavy boxes.”

Strain

  1. Broken bone: A fracture or crack in a bone, often caused by trauma or repetitive stress.

Example: “She broke her arm falling off her bike.”

Broken bone

  1. Broken arm: A fracture or break in one of the bones of the arm, such as the humerus, radius, or ulna.

Example: “He wore a cast for six weeks after breaking his arm.”

Broken arm

  1. Snakebite: An injury caused by the bite of a snake, which can inject venom into the victim’s bloodstream.

Example: “He was rushed to the hospital after a rattlesnake snakebite.”

Snakebite

  1. Fracture: A break or crack in a bone, often requiring immobilization and sometimes surgical intervention.

Example: “The x-ray showed a hairline fracture in her wrist.”

Fracture

  1. Dislocation: An injury where a bone is forced out of its joint, causing pain, swelling, and loss of mobility.

Example: “He dislocated his shoulder playing football.”

Dislocation

  1. Bruise (Contusion): Bleeding under the skin due to trauma, causing discoloration and tenderness.

Example: “She had a large bruise on her thigh after bumping into the table.”

Bruise

  1. Concussion: A brain injury caused by a blow to the head, resulting in temporary loss of normal brain function.

Example: “He suffered a concussion during the car accident.”

Concussion

  1. Cuts and Lacerations: Tears in the skin or tissue caused by sharp objects, requiring cleaning, closure, and sometimes stitches.

Example: “She needed stitches to close the deep cut on her finger.”

Cuts and Lacerations

  1. Burns: Damage to the skin and underlying tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, or radiation.

Example: “He got second-degree burns from touching the hot stove.”

Burns

  1. Blisters: Fluid-filled pockets under the skin caused by friction, heat, or burns, often leading to discomfort.

Example: “She developed blisters on her heels after wearing new shoes.”

Blisters

  1. Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon, usually due to overuse or repetitive motion, causing pain and stiffness.

Example: “His tendinitis in the elbow flared up after playing tennis.”

Tendinitis

  1. Sprained Ankle: A common injury where the ligaments in the ankle are stretched or torn, causing pain and swelling.

Example: “She used crutches for a week after spraining her ankle.”

Sprained Ankle

  1. Knee Injuries: Various injuries affecting the knee, such as ACL tears, meniscus tears, or patellar tendinitis, often requiring rehabilitation or surgery.

Example: “He tore his ACL playing soccer.”

Knee Injuries

  1. Shoulder Injuries: Injuries affecting the shoulder joint, including rotator cuff tears or shoulder dislocations, often causing pain and restricted movement.

Example: “She underwent surgery to repair her torn rotator cuff.”

Shoulder Injuries

  1. Back Injuries: Injuries affecting the back, such as herniated discs or muscle strains, leading to pain and reduced mobility.

Example: “He injured his back lifting heavy furniture.”

Back Injuries

  1. Whiplash: Neck injury caused by sudden movement of the head forward, backward, or sideways, often due to car accidents.

Example: “She experienced whiplash after a rear-end collision.”

Whiplash

3. Some frequently asked questions about vocabulary related to diseases and injuries

     1. What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?

  • A sprain is an injury to a ligament caused by stretching or tearing, typically due to sudden twisting or impact. A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon caused by overstretching or overuse.
  1. What are common symptoms of the flu (influenza)?
  • Common symptoms of the flu include fever, chills, body aches, sore throat, cough, fatigue, and sometimes nausea or vomiting.
  1. How is diabetes managed?
  • Diabetes is managed through a combination of medication (like insulin injections), diet control, regular exercise, and monitoring blood sugar levels.
  1. What are the risk factors for heart disease?
  • Risk factors for heart disease include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, diabetes, obesity, family history of heart disease, and lack of physical activity.
  1. What should you do if you suspect someone has had a concussion?
  • If someone has had a concussion, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately. Rest and avoiding activities that could worsen symptoms are also recommended.
  1. What are the symptoms of asthma?
  • Symptoms of asthma include wheezing (a whistling sound when breathing), shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing, especially at night or early in the morning.
  1. How is arthritis treated?
  • Treatment for arthritis focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. This may include medication, physical therapy, lifestyle changes (like exercise and weight management), and in severe cases, surgery.
  1. What are the different types of cancer?
  • There are many types of cancer, including breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, leukemia, and lymphoma, among others. Each type has its own characteristics and treatment approaches.
  1. How can you prevent osteoporosis?
  • Preventing osteoporosis involves maintaining a healthy diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, engaging in regular weight-bearing exercise, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and getting regular bone density screenings as recommended.
  1. What are common causes of back injuries? – Common causes of back injuries include lifting heavy objects improperly, sudden movements, poor posture, repetitive strain, and accidents such as falls or sports injuries.

Trả lời