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Future Perfect Tense: +3 How to learn Future Perfect Tense with explanations and examples

Future Perfect Tense

1. Understanding Future Perfect Tense

The Future Perfect Tense is used to describe an action that will be completed by a certain time in the future. It emphasizes the completion of an action before another point or event in the future.

The structure of the Future Perfect Tense is formed using the auxiliary verb “will” (or “shall” in formal British English), the auxiliary verb “have,” and the past participle form of the main verb.

The general structure is:

Subject+will/shall+have+past participle of the verb+object or complement

Subject+will/shall+have+past participle of the verb+object or complement

Here’s an example:

  • “By next year, I will have finished my degree.”

In this sentence:

  • “will” (or “shall”) is the auxiliary verb indicating future tense.
  • “have” is the auxiliary verb indicating the perfect aspect.
  • The main verb is in its past participle form, indicating completion.
  • The rest of the sentence completes the structure according to standard rules.

The Future Perfect Tense is used to talk about actions that will be completed before a specific point or event in the future. It often involves looking back from a future time to describe an action that will have been finished by then.

2. Forming Future Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense

2.1 Affirmative:

  • This form is used to express actions that will be completed by a certain point in the future.
  • Structure: S + shall/will + have + V3/ed

Example:

“By the time you arrive, I will have finished my work.”

“By next year, she will have traveled to all seven continents.”

“By the time you come back, I will have cleaned the house.”

“They will have finished their dinner by 9 PM.”

“He will have completed his assignment before the deadline.”

 

2.2 Negative:

  • This form is used to express actions that will not be completed by a certain point in the future.
  • Structure: S + shall/will + NOT + have + V3/ed + O

Example:

“I won’t have completed the project by tomorrow.”

“I won’t have finished reading the book by tomorrow.”

“They won’t have saved enough money for the trip by next month.”

“She won’t have cooked dinner by the time we get home.”

“He won’t have repaired the car before the mechanic arrives.”

 

2.3 Interrogative:

    • This form is used to ask questions about actions that will be completed by a certain point in the future.
    • Structure: Will/Shall + S + have + V3/ed?

Example:

Will you have finished your homework by 9 o’clock?

→ Yes, I will / No, I won’t.

“Will you have finished your homework by the time the guests arrive?”

“Will you have graduated from university by next year?”

“Will they have moved to their new house by the end of the month?”

“Will she have finished writing the report by the deadline?”

“Shall we have completed the project by the time the meeting starts?”

These forms allow us to discuss actions that will be completed before a specific point or event in the future. They emphasize the completion of an action by a certain time.

3. Recognizing signal words for the Future Perfect Tense

To recognize the Future Perfect Tense, you can look for several indicators and patterns in a sentence:

  • Use of “will have” or “shall have”: The primary indicator of the Future Perfect Tense is the use of the auxiliary verb “will” or “shall” followed by the auxiliary verb “have” and then the past participle form of the main verb.

Examples:

“She will have finished her homework by 8 PM.”

“I shall have completed the project by tomorrow.”

  • Presence of past participles: Another clear sign of the Future Perfect Tense is the presence of verbs in their past participle form.

Examples:

“He will have graduated by the end of the year.”

“They shall have arrived at their destination by now.”

  • Time expressions indicating completion: Time expressions indicating a point or event in the future by which the action will be completed often accompany the Future Perfect Tense.

Examples:

  • by [specific time or date]
  • before [specific time or event]
  • by the time [specific event occurs]

Example:

“She will have finished her chores by the time her parents come home.”

  • Negation: In negative sentences, “will not have” or its contraction “won’t have” is used.

Examples:

“I won’t have completed the task by tomorrow.”

“They won’t have left for the airport by 8 AM.”

  • Question structure: In interrogative sentences, “will” or “shall” is usually placed before the subject, followed by “have,” and then the past participle form of the verb.

Examples:

“Will you have finished your work by lunchtime?”

“Shall we have booked the tickets by next week?”

By recognizing these indicators, you can easily identify sentences in the Future Perfect Tense, which describe actions that will be completed before a specific point or event in the future.

Learn more:

Present Tense

Past Tense

Future Tense

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